Guttural Pouch Disease
This is a infection of the Guttural Pouch in the horse. There are three main Guttural Pouch Diseases each one can have devastating consequences, affected horses can suffer from poor health, depression and if left untreated, some cases can even lead to death. If you suspect that your has a Guttural Pouch infection then your vet should be contacted immediately for treatment to avoid any unnecessary suffering and help to prevent permanent damage to the area.
The Guttural Pouch
There are two Guttural Pouches each one is filled with and controls the flow of air around each of the auditory tubes. The Guttural Pouch opening is a small split towards the back and on either side of the Pharynx.
Function Of The Guttural Pouch
The Three Types Of Guttural Pouch Disease:
Treatment Of Guttural Pouch Disease
Treatment will depend on the type of disease:
Guttural Pouch Tympany
This is first diagnosed with an endoscopic examination and is most commonly treated with surgery. The surgery given allows air to flow out of the Guttural Pouch into the Pharynx.
Guttural Pouch Empyema
The vet will do an endoscopic examination to confirm that it is Guttural Pouch Empyema. In some cases an incision will be made at the side of the Pouch to allow the pouch to be drained of puss and then to allow the pouch to be aggressively flushed out in order to aid in the treatment. A treatment of antibiotics is given and in some cases pain killers and anti inflammatory drugs are given to reduce the inflammation and bruising in the area.
Guttural Pouch Mycosis
Surgery is the only way to successfully remove the Fungal infection from within the Guttural Pouch. The surgery involves the Artery that has been infected and by preventing the flow of blood to that Artery along with the use of anti fungal drugs after the surgery has taken place will help to halt the Fungal infection and prevent further blood from being lost.